to catch a cold (level: intermediate)
to become infected, which leads to a cough and a running nose, sometimes with a fever and pain in muscles
He said he wouldn’t come to the party, because he’d caught a cold.
medicine (level: intermediate)
1) a pill or a liquid that you take as a treatment for illnesses or injuries or as a prevention from them
I prefer natural medicines, especially those based on herbs.
2) the study of treatment for injuries and illnesses
addicted to (level: intermediate)
being unable to stop doing something or eating/drinking something
The actor died, because he was so addicted to his medicine that one day he took too much.
pain-killers (level: upper intermediate)
medicine, pills that make you feel less pain
I always have some pain-killers at home in case I may have this terrible headache again.
specialist (level: intermediate)
a doctor who was trained in a specific area of medicine
If you feel a strong pain in the chest, you should visit a specialist in heart diseases immediately.
medical check-up (level: upper intermediate)
I used to have regular medical check-ups when I was younger, but now I have no time for that.
dentist (level: intermediate)
a person who treats people’s teeth
Children are usually afraid of dentists.
to suffer from (level: intermediate)
to experience pain (physical or mental)
If you don’t care about your health when you’re young, you’ll suffer from various diseases when you’re old.
allergy (level: intermediate)
becoming ill or having skin problems because of being close to certain substances or eating certain food
I had to sell all my cats after I found out that I have an allergy to their fur.
ache (level: intermediate)
an unpleasant pain that is not strong, but lasts for a long time
If you get older, you will probably suffer from different aches.
pain (level: intermediate)
an unpleasant feeling caused by injury or illness
When I felt a sharp pain in my stomach, I realised that the food we had eaten must have been bad.
bone (level: intermediate)
a hard part of people’s and animals’ body
If you are older it is easier to break a bone.
sprain (level: upper intermediate)
to cause a painful injury to the place in your body where two bones are connected
He sprained his ankle by stepping on an unstable rock while hiking.
joint (level: upper intermediate)
a place of your body that connects two bones
I sprained my knee joint when I was jogging, so I went to the doctor.
reason (level: intermediate)
the cause of something
The reason for this plane crash was bad weather and human error, not a technical failure.
dangerous (level: pre-intermediate)
able to harm you
Don’t touch the cages when you are in a zoo. The animals can be very dangerous.
disease (level: intermediate)
The first symptom of this disease is a cough and a fever.
cancer (level: upper intermediate)
a serious disease that is more and more frequent nowadays and often causes death
He had been smoking for almost all his life and he finally died of lung cancer.
AIDS (level: upper intermediate)
(Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) a serious disease that makes the body unable to protect from infections, which leads to death
All people who want to become blood donors must first undergo AIDS tests.
alternative medicine (level: upper intermediate)
a range of treatments that people use instead or with traditional medicine
She decided on an alternative medicine that is based on hypnotherapy, because she believes that all those pills prescribed by her doctor irritate her stomach.
accident (level: pre-intermediate)
something that happens suddenly, when nobody expects, and usually has bad consequences
Two people died in the car accident that happened in front of her house.
blood group (level: intermediate)
She has a rare blood group B RH negative.
donate blood (level: advanced)
to give blood so that it is stored for people who may need it after an accident or an operation
He has a rare blood group so I suggested that he starts donating blood, because it may save somebody’s life.
donate marrow (level: advanced)
to have the tissue that you have in your bones taken by a trained person so that it is used for somebody who may need it as a result of a serious illness
I was registered in the Bone Morrow Bank a month ago, and if they informed me some day that my morrow is needed for somebody else, I wouldn’t hesitate a minute.
health service (level: intermediate)
a service that provides medical treatment
We are not fully satisfied with the health service in our country: we have to pay a lot, and we still have problems to get to some specialists and have all necessary medical check-ups.
to improve (level: intermediate)
to get better or to make something be better
I think the only way to improve my German is to go to Germany and stay there for a couple of weeks.